Spotted Imperial Pigeon
Ducula carola

This nomadic species has a small population which is inferred to be declining rapidly owing to forest loss throughout its range, compounded by widespread hunting, qualifying it as Vulnerable.


Range Map for Spotted Imperial-pigeon

Extensive habitat destruction and hunting have caused its serious decline and range contraction. The species's complex pattern of habitat- and resource-use magnifies the risks it faces. In 1988, forest cover was as low as 4% on Negros , 24% on Luzon and 29% on Mindanao , and just 30 km2 of closed-canopy forest remained on Mindoro . Moreover, most remaining lowland forest is leased to logging concessions and mining applications. On Luzon , illegal logging is common at the key site of Angat Dam. On Mindanao , forest is being cleared and re-planted with exotic trees for paper production at the key site of Bislig. Its congregatory habits facilitate hunting, with large numbers caught during the 1950s on Luzon .

It has been recorded recently in two protected areas, the Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park ( Luzon ) and Mt Kitanglad Natural Park ( Mindanao ). Four others may offer some habitat protection: Maria Aurora Monument and Quezon National Parks ( Luzon ), and MUFRC Experimental Forest and Siburan Penal Colony ( Mindoro ).

*Conduct surveys to clarify the species's current distribution and population status across its historical range, including Mt Halcon (Mindoro), Mts Canlaon and Talinis/Twin Lakes (Negros), Mts Apo, Mayo, Malindang, Matutum and Three Kings (Mindanao). *Radio-tag birds to gather information on ecology and movements to enable conservation planning. *Promote improved protection of remaining forests at key sites.

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