Passenger Pigeon
Ectopistes migratorius

Range and population

Ectopistes migratorius was found forest in eastern and central Canada and the USA , occasionally wandering south to Mexico and Cuba4. Over the 19th century, the species crashed from being one of the most abundant birds in the world to extinction4. This was ultimately due to the effects of widespread clearance of its mast food2, with the proximate causes being Newcastle disease, extensive hunting1 and the breakdown of social facilitation3. The last wild bird was shot in 1900, and the last captive bird died in 1914 in the Cincinnati Zoo5.

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