Partridge Pigeon
Geophaps smithii

Range and population

Geophaps smithii is endemic to Australia . The nominate subspecies disappeared from the west, east and south parts of its distribution, mostly during the early 1900s. It is now only found in half of its former range, in sub-coastal northern Northern Territory . The subpopulation is estimated at c.10,000 birds and is likely to be declining. Subspecies blaauwi is recorded from remote areas of the west and north-west Kimberley region, northern Western Australia . However, there are few recent records, including from Kalumburu where it was common in the 1970s. It may number c.5,000 birds and is also thought to be in decline. The major threat to the species is the change from Aboriginal fire regimes which has resulted in a loss of spatial diversity in vegetation structures. Although early fires burn some nests, extensive, late, dry season fires that result if early burns are neglected promote a uniform vegetation of tall annual sorghum. Most areas in which the species persists are still under Aboriginal management or have a fire regime that promotes a mosaic of vegetation ages. Traditional hunting, predation by feral cats, and degradation of waterholes by cattle and pigs are now considered insignificant causes of death

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